The True Religion of God
by Dr. A. A. Bilal Philips
(PhD. in Theology, Wales)
Which is the True Religion of God?
Each person is born in a circumstance which is not of his own choosing.
The religion of his family or the ideology of the state is thrust upon
him from the very beginning of his existence in this world. By the time
he reaches his teens, he is usually fully brain-washed into believing
that the beliefs of his particular society are the correct beliefs that
everyone should have. However, when some people mature and are exposed
to other belief-systems, they begin to question the validity of their
own beliefs. The seekers of truth often reach a point of confusion upon
realizing that each and every religion, sect, ideology and philosophy
claims to be the one and only correct way for man. Indeed they all
encourage people to good. So, which one is right? They cannot all be
right since each claims all others to be wrong. Then how does the
seeker of truth choose the right way?
God gave us all minds and intellects to enable us to make this
crucial decision. It is the most important decision in the life of a
human being. Upon it depends his future. Consequently, each and every
one of us must examine dispassionately the evidence presented and
choose what appears to be right until further evidence arises.
Like every other religion or philosophy, Islam also claims to be
the one and only true way to God. In this respect it is no different
from other systems. This booklet intends to provide some evidence for
the validity of that claim. However, it must always be kept in mind
that one can only determine the true path by putting aside emotions and
prejudices, which often blind us to reality. Then, and only then, will
we be able to use our God-given intelligence and make a rational and
There are several arguments which may be advanced to support
Islam's claim to be the true religion of God. The following are only
three of the most obvious. The first argument is based on the Divine
origin of the names of the religion and the comprehensiveness of its
meaning. The second deals with the unique and uncomplicated teachings
concerning the relationship between God, man, and creation. The third
argument derives from the fact that Islam is universally attainable by
all men at all times. These are the three basic components of what
logic and reason dictate necessary for a religion to be considered the
true religion of God. The following pages will develop these concepts
in some detail.
The Religion's Name
The first thing that one should know and clearly
understand about Islam is what the word "Islam" itself means. The
Arabic word "Islam" means the submission or surrender of one's will to
the only true God, known in Arabic as "Allah". One who submits his will
to God is termed in Arabic a "Muslim". The religion of Islam is not
named after a person or people, nor was it decided by a later
generation of man, as in the case of Christianity which was named after
Jesus Christ (p), Buddhism after Gautama Buddha, Confucianism after
Confucius, Marxism after Karl Marx, Judaism after the tribe of Judah,
and Hinduism after the Hindus. Islam (submission to the will of God) is
the religion which was given to Adam (p), the first man and the first
prophet of God, and it was the religion of all the prophets sent by
Allah to mankind. Further, its name was chosen by God Himself and
clearly mentioned in the final scripture which He revealed to man. In
the final revelation, called the Qur'an in Arabic, Allah states the
"This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My
favour upon you, and I have chosen for you Islam as you religion."
"If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to God), never will it be accepted of him." (Qur'an 3:85)
Hence, Islam does not claim to be a new religion brought by Prophet
Muhammad (p) into Arabia in the seventh century, but rather to be a
re-expression in its final form of the true religion of Almighty God,
Allah, as it was originally revealed to Adam (p) and subsequent
At this point we might comment briefly on two other religions that
claim to be the true path. Nowhere in the Bible will you find God
revealing to Prophet Moses' (p) people or their descendants that their
religion is called Judaism, or to the followers of Christ (p) that
their religion is called Christianity. In other words, the names
"Judaism" and "Christianity" had no divine origin or approval. It was
not until long after his departure that the name "Christianity" was
given to Jesus' (p) religion.
What, then, was Jesus' (p) religion in actual fact, as distinct
from its name? His religion was reflected in his teachings, which he
urged his followers to accept as guiding principles in their
relationship with God. In Islam, Jesus (p) is a prophet sent by Allah
and his Arabic name is Eesa. Like the prophets before him, he called
upon the people to surrender their will to the will of God (which is
what Islam stands for). For example, in the New Testament, it is stated
that Jesus (p) taught his followers to pray to God as follows:
"Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your Name, may your will be done on earth as it is in heaven." (Luke 11:2; Matt. 6:9-10)
This concept was emphasized by Jesus (p) in a number of his
statements recorded in the Gospels. He taught, for example, that only
those who submitted would inherit Paradise.
Jesus (p) also pointed out that he himself submitted to the will of God.
"None of those who call me 'Lord' will enter the kingdom of God,
but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven." (Matt.
"I cannot do anything of myself. I judge as I hear and my judgment
is honest because I am not seeking my own will but the will of Him Who
sent me." (John 5:30)
There are many reports in the Gospels which show that Jesus (p)
made it clear to his followers that he was not the one true God. For
example, when speaking about the final Hour, he said:
"No one knows about the Day or Hour, not even the angels in heaven, not the son, but only the Father." (Mark 13:32)
Thus, Jesus (p) like the prophets before him and the one who came
after him, taught the religion of Islam: submission to the will of the
One true God.
God and Creation
Since the total submission of one's will to God
represents the essence of worship, the basic message of God's divine
religion, Islam, is the worship of God alone. It also requires the
avoidance of worship directed to any person, place or thing other than
God. Since everything other than God, the Creator of all things, is
God's creation, it may be said that Islam, in essence, calls man away
from worship of creation and invites him to worship only his Creator.
He is the only one deserving of man's worship, because it is only by
His will that prayers are answered.
Accordingly, if a man prays to a tree and his prayers are answered,
it is not the tree that answered his prayers but God, Who allows the
circumstances prayed for to take place. One might say, "That is
obvious"; however, to tree-worshipers, it might not be so. Similarly,
prayers to Jesus (p), Buddha, Krishna, St. Christopher, St. Jude, or
even to Muhammad (p), are not answered by them, but are answered by
God. Jesus (p) did not tell his followers to worship him but to worship
God, as the Qur'an states:
"And behold! Allah will say: 'O Jesus, the son of Mary! Did you say
to men, worship me and my mother as gods besides Allah?'; He will say:
'Glory to you, I could never say what I had no right (to say)'" (Qur'an
Nor did Jesus (p) worship himself when he worshiped, but rather he
worshiped God. And Jesus (p) was reported in the Gospels to have said:
"It is written: 'Worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.'" (Luke 4:8)
The basic principle is contained in the opening chapter of the Qur'an, known as Surah al-Fatihah, verse 4:
"You alone do we worship and from you alone do we seek help."
Elsewhere in the final book of revelation, the Qur'an, God also said:
"And your Lord says: 'Call on Me and I will answer your (prayer).'" (Qur'an 40:60)
It is worth emphasizing that the basic message of Islam (namely,
the worship of God alone) also proclaims that God and His creation are
distinctly different entities. God is neither equal to His creation nor
a part of it, nor is His creation equal to Him or a part of Him.
This might seem obvious, but man's worship of creation, instead of
the Creator, is to a large degree based on ignorance, or neglect, of
this concept. It is the belief that the essence of God is everywhere in
His creation or that His divine being is or was present in some parts
of His creation, which has provided justification for the worship of
God's creation and naming it the worship of God. However, the message
of Islam, as brought by the prophets of God, is to worship only God and
to avoid the worship of His creation either directly or indirectly.
In the Qur'an, God clearly states:
"For We assuredly sent amongst every people a prophet, with the command: Worship Me and avoid false gods." (Qur'an 16:36)
When idol worshipers are questioned as to why they bow down to
idols created by men, the invariable reply is that they are not
actually worshiping the stone image, but God Who is present within it.
They claim that the stone idol is only a focal point for God's essence
and is not in itself God! One who has accepted the concept of God being
present in any way within His creation will be obliged to accept this
argument for idolatry. Whereas, one who understands the basic message
of Islam and its implications would never agree to idolatry no matter
how it is rationalized.
Those who have claimed divinity for themselves down through the
ages have often based their claims on the mistaken belief that God is
present in man. Taking one step further, they claim that God is more
present in them than the rest of us, and that other humans should
therefore submit to them and worship them as God in person or as God
concentrated within their persons. Similarly, those who have asserted
the godhood of others after their deaths have found fertile ground
among those who accept the false belief of God's presence in man.
It should be abundantly clear by now that one who has grasped the
basic message of Islam and its implications could never agree to
worship another human being under any circumstance. God's religion, in
essence, is a clear call to the worship of the Creator and the
rejection of creation-worship in any form. This is the meaning of the
motto of Islam:
Laa ilaaha illaa Allah" (there is no god but Allah)
The sincere declaration of this phrase and the acceptance of
prophethood automatically brings one within the fold of Islam, and
sincere belief in it guarrantees one Paradise. Thus, the final Prophet
of Islam (p) is reported to have said:
"Any one who says 'There is no god but Allah', and dies holding that (belief) will enter Paradise."
Belief in this declaration of faith requires that one submit
his/her will to God in the way taught by the prophets of God. It also
requires the believer to give up the worship of false gods.
The Message of False Religions
There are so many sects, cults, religions,
philosophies, and movements in the world, all which claim to be the
right way or the only true path to God! How can one determine which one
is correct or whether, in fact, all are correct? One method by which
the answer can be found is to clear away the superficial differences in
the teachings of the various claimants to the ultimate truth, and
identify the central object of worship upon which they call, directly
or indirectly. False religions all have in common one basic concept
with regard to God: they either claim that all men are gods, or that
specific men were God, or that nature is God, or that God is a figment
of man's imagination.
Thus, it may be stated that the basic message of false religion is
that God may be worshiped in the form of His creation. False religions
invite man to the worship of creation by calling the creation or some
aspect of it God. For example, prophet Jesus (p) invited his followers
to worship God, but those who claim to be Jesus' followers today call
people to worship Jesus (p), claiming that he was God.
Buddha was a reformer who introduced a number of humanistic
principles in the religion of India. He did not claim to be God, nor
did he suggest to his followers that he be an object of worship. Yet
today most Buddhists who are to be found outside of India have taken
him to be God and they prostrate themselves to idols made in their
perception of his likeness.
By using the principle of identifying the object of worship, we can
easily detect false religions and the contrived nature of their origin.
As God said in the Qur'an:
"That which you worship besides Him are only names and you and your
forefathers have invented for which Allah has sent down no authority;
the command belongs only to Allah: He has command that you worship Him;
that is the right religion, but most men do not understand." (Qur'an
It may be argued that all religions teach good things, so why
should it matter which one we follow? The reply is that all false
religions teach the greatest evil: the worship of creation.
Creation-worship is the greatest sin that man can commit because it
contradicts the very purpose of His creation. Man was created to
worship God alone as Allah has explicitly stated in the Qur'an:
"I have only created jinns and men, that they may worship Me." (Qur'an 51:56)
Consequently, the worship of creation, which is the essence of
idolatry, is the only unforgivable sin. One who dies in this state of
idolatry has sealed his fate in the next life. This is not an option,
but a revealed fact stated by God in His final revelation to man:
"Verily Allah will not forgive the joining of partners with Him,
but He may forgive (sins) less than that for whomsoever He wishes."
Universality of God's Religion
Since the consequences of following a false
religion are so grave, the true religion of God must have been
universally understandable and universally attainable in the past and
it must continue eternally to be understandable and attainable
throughout the entire world. In other words, the true religion of God
cannot be confined to any one people, place, or period of time. Nor is
it logical that such a religion should impose conditions that have
nothing to do with the relationship of man with God, such as baptism,
or belief in man as a savior, or an intermediary. Within the central
principle of Islam and its definition (the surrender of one's will to
God) lie the roots of Islam's universality. Whenever man comes to the
realization that God is one and distinct from His creation, and submits
himself to God, he becomes a Muslim in body and spirit and is eligible
Consequently, anyone at any time in the most remote regions of the
world can become Muslim, a follower of God's religion, Islam, be merely
rejecting the worship of creation and turning to God alone. It should
be noted, however, that in order to actually submit to God's will, one
must continually choose between right and wrong. Indeed, man is endowed
by God with the power not only to distinguish right from wrong but also
to choose between them. These God-given powers carry with them an
important responsibility, namely, that man is answerable to God for the
choices he makes. It follows, then, that man should try his utmost to
do good and avoid evil. These concepts are expressed in the final
revelation as follows:
"Verily, those who believe (in the Qur'an), and those who follow
the Jewish faith, and the Christians, and the Sabians (angel-and-star
worshipers) - any of these who believe in Allah and the Last Day and
work righteousness shall have their reward with their Lord. They will
not be overcome by fear or grief." (Qur'an 2:62)
If, for whatever reason, they fail to accept the final message
after it has been clearly explained to them, they will be in grave
danger. The last Prophet said:
"Whoever among the Christians and Jews hears of me but does not
affirm his belief in what I brought and dies in that state will be
among the inhabitants of Hell." (Sahih Muslim [English Translation],
Vol.1 P.91 No.284)
Recognition of God
The question which arises here is: How can all
people be expected to believe in the one true God, given their varying
backgrounds, societies and cultures? For people to be held responsible
for worshipping the one true God, they all need to have access to
knowledge of him. The final revelation teaches that all human beings
have the recognition of the one true God imprinted on their souls as a
part of their very nature with which they are created.
In the seventh chapter of the Qur'an (Al-A'raaf, verses
172-173),God explained that when He created Adam He caused all of
Adam's descentants to come into existence and He took a pledge from
"'Am I not your Lord?' To which they all replied, 'Yes, we testify to it.'"
Allah then explained why He had all of mankind bear witness that He
is their creator and the only true God worthy of worship. He said:
"That was in case you (mankind) should say on the Day of Resurrection, 'Verily we were unaware of all this.'" (Qur'an 7:172)
That is to say, we cannot claim on that Day that we had no idea
that Allah was our God and that no one told us that we were supposed to
worship Allah alone. Allah went on to further explain that:
"It was also in case you should say, 'Certainly it was our
ancestors who made partners (with Allah) and we are only their
descendants; will You then destroy us for what those liars did?'"
Thus, every child is born with a natural belief in God and an
in-born inclination to worship Him alone. This in-born belief and
inclination is called in Arabic the "Fitrah".
The Prophet Muhammad reported that Allah said, "I created my
servants in the right religion, but devils made them go astray." The
Prophet also said, "Each child is born in a state of Fitrah. Then his
parents make him a Jew, Christian or a Zoroastrian." If the child were
left alone, he would worship God in his own way, but all children are
affected by the environment. So, just as the child submits to the
physical laws which Allah has imposed on nature, in the same way his
soul also submits naturally to the fact that Allah is his Lord and
Creator. But, if his parents try to make him follow a different path,
the child is not strong enough in the early stages of his life to
resist or oppose the will of his parents. In such cases, the religion
which the child follows is one of custom and upbringing, and God does
not hold him to account or punish him for his religion up to a certain
stage of his life.
The Signs of God
Throughout people's lives, from childhood until
the time they die, signs of the one and only true God are shown to them
in all regions of the earth and in their own souls, until it becomes
clear that there is only one true God (Allah). God says in the Qur'an:
"We will show them our signs in the furthest regions (of the earth)
and in their souls, until it becomes clear to them that this is the
truth." (Qur'an 41:53)
The following is an example of God revealing by a sign to one man
the error of his idol-worship. In the south-eastern region of the
Amazon jungle in Brazil, South America, a primitive tribe erected a new
hut to house their man-idol Skwatch, representing the supreme God of
all creation. The following day a young man entered the hut to pay
homage to the God, and while he was in prostration to what he had been
taught was his Creator and Sustainer, a mangy old flea-ridden dog slunk
into the hut. The young man looked up in time to see the dog lift his
hind leg and pass urine on the idol. Outraged, the youth chased the dog
out of the temple, but when his rage died down he realized that the
idol could not be the Lord of the Universe. God must be elsewhere, he
concluded. As strange as it may seem, the dog urinating on the idol was
a sign from God for that young man. This sign contained the divine
message that what he was worshiping was false. It liberated him from
slavishly following his traditionally learned worship of a false god.
As a result, this man was given a choice: either to seek the true God
or to continue in the error of his ways.
Allah mentions Prophet Abraham's quest for God as an example of how those who follow His signs will be rightly guided:
"So also did We show Abraham the power and the Laws of the heavens
and the earth that he might (with understanding) have certitude.
When the night covered him over, he saw a star. He said: 'This is
my Lord.' But when it set, he said: 'I love not those that set.'
When he saw the moon rising in splendor, he said: 'This is my
Lord.' But when the moon set, he said: 'Unless my Lord guide me, I
shall surely be among those who go astray.'
When he saw the rising sun in splendor, he said:
'This is my Lord, this is the greatest (of all).' But when the sun
set, he said: 'O my people! I am indeed free from your (guilt) of
giving partners to Allah.
For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly, towards Him Who
created the heavens and the earth, and never shall I give partners to
Allah.'" (Qur'an 6:75-79)
As was mentioned earlier, prophets have been sent to every nation
and tribe to support man's natural belief in God and man's in-born
inclination to worship Him, as well as to reinforce the divine truth in
the daily signs revealed by God. Although much of these prophets'
teachings became distorted, portions revealing their God-inspired
messages have remained untainted and have served to guide mankind in
the choice between right and wrong. The influence of God-inspired
messages down through the ages can be seen in the "Ten Commandments" of
Judaisn's Torah which were later adopted into Christianity's teachings,
as well as in the existence of laws against murder, stealing and
adultery in most societies throughout the ancient and modern world.
As a result of God's signs to mankind through the ages combined
with His revelation through His prophets, all mankind has been given a
chance to recognize the one and only true God.
Consequently, every soul will be held accountable for its belief in
God and its acceptance of the true religion of God, namely Islam, which
means total submission to the will of Allah.
The preceding presentation has demonstrated that
the name of the religion of Islam expresses Islam's most central
principle, submission to God, and that the name "Islam" was chosen not
by man, but by God, according to the holy scriptures of Islam. It has
also been shown that Islam alone teaches the uniqueness of God and His
attributes and enjoins the worship of God alone without intermediaries.
Finally, due to the divinely instilled inclination of man to worship
God and the signs revealed by God throughout the ages to each
individual, Islam may be achieved by all men at all times.
In short, the significance of the name Islam (submission to God),
is Islam's fundamental acknowledgement of the uniqueness of God and
Islam's accessibility to all mankind at all times convincingly support
Islam's claim that from the beginning of time in whatever language it
was expressed, Islam alone has been and will be the true religion of
In conclusion we ask Allah, the Exalted, to keep us on the right
path to which He has guided us, and to bestow on us His blessings and
mercy, for He is indeed the Most-Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord
of the worlds, and peace and blessings be on Prophet Muhammad and all
the prophets of God and their righteous followers.
The True Religion of God
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تاريخ التسجيل : 2010-06-18
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